(5 Minute Read) – As part of America Saves Week, Unitus Community Credit Union is sharing tips to help you prioritize saving so you can reach your financial goals. Today, we explore retirement. It’s one of those endeavors that falls into the “someday” category – making it more difficult to save for something that is seemingly so far away.
But as we all know — life comes at you fast. A 2020 survey by Charles Schwab of currently employed 401(k) plan participants found that saving enough for retirement continues to be a leading source of significant financial stress for all generations.
While studies show that 71% of Americans are adequately prepared for retirement, much of that includes receiving Social Security benefits under the current law. With Social Security payouts only scheduled to be paid at the full benefit amount through 2035, Millennials and Gen Z have to approach retirement from a different perspective — one that is diverse and doesn’t rely on Social Security benefits. The good news is that starting early allows you to reach your retirement goals more easily.
So, what are the steps to take when you’re ready to jumpstart your retirement journey? Here are our six steps below.
1. Get in the “Retirement Ready” Mindset
The first step is getting in the right mindset by making your new savings goal a priority. We encourage you to “Start Small, Think Big” and take advantage of retirement solutions available to you like your employer’s 401K o 403 B plan or IRA options you can open on your own. Learn more abut Unitus IRAs.
If you’re starting your retirement savings journey early, you have time on your side! However, if you’re closer to retirement age, you will need to be a bit more aggressive to achieve your retirement goal. Research how to make catch-up contributions to your retirement savings, ultimately jump-starting a stalled plan.
The good news is this: it’s never too late! It is important to remember that saving anything is better than saving nothing. Even increasing your retirement savings by one percent can make a huge difference in the long run.
2. Define What Retirement Will Look Like For You
Your retirement years will be as individual as you are! Have you visualized how you’d like your retirement to look and feel? Think about where you want to settle down. Will you stay put or do you intend to travel far and wide? Most importantly, how much “annual income” will you need to achieve this envisioned lifestyle? Asking yourself these questions will help determine a rough estimate of how much to start saving now.
Someone who plans to travel and or have an active lifestyle when they retire may need to save more than someone who has a home that is paid off with no grand plans. You will also need to consider exactly when you want to retire. This will help determine how much you should be saving annually.
3. Calculate How Much You’ll Need to Save
Once you have an idea of what type of retirement you want and when you want to retire, you can estimate the annual retirement income you need. You want to ensure you are saving for the future you want. Most Americans are not putting enough money into their retirement fund every year to afford the life they want for themselves in the future.
Each person’s needs will vary widely based on a number of factors, including current age, the age at which you plan to retire, if your partner or spouse has an income, your spending habits, and different sources of retirement income. There are also circumstances beyond your control, like how long you can expect to live based on family history.
While there is no hard and fast rule to determine how much to save by a specific age, Unitus Asesores Financieros recommend having saved an amount equal to your annual salary by age 30, three times by age 40, and five times by age 50. While this can be overwhelming if you haven’t hit those milestones in your retirement savings yet, one small step you can take is to increase your contribution rate with each pay raise. Remember, building a savings habit and taking control of your finances is worth celebrating.
4. Take the America Saves Pledge
Now that you have a better idea of what exactly you’re saving for and how much, it’s time to consider how you’ll achieve your dream retirement. The Compromiso "America Saves is a tool that helps you make a simple plan to meet your savings goal while offering you long-term accountability and support along the way. Take the America Saves Pledge and visit AmericaSaves.org for tips, resources, and support on your journey towards retirement. Remember: savers who make a plan are twice as likely to save successfully!
5. Do Your Homework
What is the best type of retirement account? Your employer may offer a retirement plan such as a 401K, 403B, or SEP-IRA and match your contributions up to a certain percentage. The most important consideration here is to take advantage of any employer benefits such as matching. Find out if your employer offers a match and contribute at least enough to maximize that benefit.
Individual Retirement Arrangements (IRAs) are also an option, and you can open one anytime at Unitus. There are several different IRAs including the most common: Roth and Traditional. Roth IRAs can be withdrawn at any time without penalty and are tax-free. Traditional IRAs may be tax-deductible, and your earnings grow tax-deferred until you start making withdrawals. You’ll need to determine which is best for you — or maybe a combination of both. The IRS has put together a great comparison tool to understand the differences between the two accounts and decide which may be better for you.
6. Prioritize Making Your Contributions Automatically
Now that you can visualize the type of retirement you want, have determined approximately how much you’re saving, and have a plan and support in place, the best thing you can do is to set it and forget it! Set up automatic payments and contributions either through your employer or from your Unitus accounts to stay on track.
The point of retirement savings is to keep it invested for the long term. This means avoiding dipping into your retirement fund for emergencies. Instead, create an emergency savings fund that you are also contributing to consistently.
Research by the Employee Benefit Research Institute shows that it typically takes 13 years or more of contributions to an account before you begin to reach a level of savings that is enough to fund a number of years of retirement as a supplement to Social Security. So don’t become discouraged if you feel you do not have enough savings in your retirement fund just yet.
Whatever path you choose to take toward retirement, the biggest step to take is being consistent. Retirement savings is a long-term commitment, but today’s work will pay off in the long run, literally. Feel free to contact a Unitus Asesor Financiero to help you reach your retirement goals. You can also use our savings calculators to see just how much you should be saving for retirement. Finally, your Unitus membership comes with financial counseling where you can set up savings goals, plan for the future, or make a plan to reduce debt. We’ll discuss reducing debt tomorrow as our America Saves Week series continues. Be sure to come back to learn how to set yourself up for financial success.